Samuel Johnson
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"Samuel Johnson", often referred to as "Dr Johnson", was an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer. Johnson was a devout Anglicanism/Anglican and committed Tory (British political party)/Tory, and has been described as "arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history". He is also the subject of "the most famous single work of biographical art in the whole of literature": James Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson.

Born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, Johnson attended Pembroke College, Oxford for just over a year, before his lack of funds forced him to leave. After working as a teacher he moved to London, where he began to write for The Gentleman's Magazine. His early works include the biography Life of Savage/The Life of Richard Savage, the poems "London (1738 poem)/London" and "The Vanity of Human Wishes", and the play Irene (play)/Irene.

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