Guillaume Apollinaire
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"Guillaume Apollinaire", born "Wilhelm Albert W?odzimierz Apolinary Kostrowicki" was a France/French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic of Poland/Polish descent.

He is considered one of the foremost poets of the early 20th century, as well as one of the forefathers of surrealism. He is credited with coining the word "surrealism", and writing one of the earliest works described as surrealist, the play (theatre)/play The Breasts of Tiresias (1917, used as the basis for a 1947 Les mamelles de Tirésias/opera).

Two years after being wounded in World War I, he died in the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 at age 38.

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