Matthias Becher: Neue Überlegungen zum Geburtsdatum Karls des Großen, in: Francia 19/1, 1992, pp. 37-60 ([http://mdzx.bib-bvb.de/francia/Blatt_bsb00016296,00047.html online]);
R. McKitterick: Charlemagne. Cambridge 2008, p. 72.28 January 814), also known as "Charles the Great" (, , , ) or "Charles I", was Francia/King of the Franks who united most of Western Europe during the Middle Ages and laid the foundations for modern France and Germany. He took the Frankish throne from 768, became Kingdom of Italy (medieval)/King of Italy from 774, and from 800 was the first recognized Roman emperor in Western Europe since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state he founded is called the Carolingian Empire.If you enjoy these quotes, be sure to check out other famous royalty! More Charlemagne on Wikipedia.