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"Sophocles" is one of three classical Greece/ancient Greek tragedy/tragedians whose plays have survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus, and earlier than or contemporary with those of Euripides. According to the Suda, a 10th-century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 123 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax (Sophocles)/Ajax, Antigone (Sophocles)/Antigone, The Trachiniae/The Women of Trachis, Oedipus the King, Electra (Sophocles)/Electra, Philoctetes (Sophocles)/Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus. For almost 50 years, Sophocles was the most-fĂȘted playwright in the dramatic competitions of the Polis/city-state of Classical Athens/Athens that took place during the religious festivals of the Lenaea and the City Dionysia/Dionysia. He competed in around 30 competitions, won perhaps 24, and was never judged lower than second place. Aeschylus won 14 competitions, and was sometimes defeated by Sophocles, while Euripides won only 4 competitions.

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