Because [the bias] is so subtle, it's extremely effective.

We ... view it as an anti-immigrant issue. You can't have a deed restriction saying, 'No Latinos.' But they're trying to have local ordinances that say immediate families (only). ... Are they going back to the white families to see if a cousin is living there? The answer is no. It truly is directed at the new Latino immigrant population.

These residents are making their judgments because of race, national origin and religion.