Terrible treatment. They'd kill you for any reason whatever. They had no hesitation. I saw people get their tongues cut out because they were talking English.

If someone did something wrong, someone had to suffer. During air raids the Japanese would run to shelters. We'd look for food. We got caught one time. An officer laid his saber across my shoulder and took the guy behind me and chopped his head off.

I made up my mind I was going to live, thank the good Lord. I broke my arm when a load of steel fell on it. A prisoner set it and I kept working. If you didn't work you didn't eat.