Herbert Spencer
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"Herbert Spencer" was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and prominent Classical liberalism/classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.

Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolutionism/evolution as the progressive development of the physical world, biological organisms, the human mind, and human culture and societies. He was "an enthusiastic exponent of evolution" and even "wrote about evolution before Charles Darwin/Darwin did." As a polymath, he contributed to a wide range of subjects, including ethics, religion, anthropology, economics, political theory, philosophy, literature, biology, sociology, and psychology. During his lifetime he achieved tremendous authority, mainly in English-speaking academia. "The only other English philosopher to have achieved anything like such widespread popularity was Bertrand Russell, and that was in the 20th century." Spencer was "the single most famous European intellectual in the closing decades of the nineteenth century" but his influence declined sharply after 1900; "Who now reads Spencer?" asked Talcott Parsons in 1937.

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Music must take rank as the highest of the fine arts - as the one which, more than any other, ministers to the human spirit.

The great aim of education is not knowledge but action.

Opinion is ultimately determined by the feelings, and not by the intellect.

There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which is proof against all arguments and which cannot fail to keep a man in everlasting ignorance - that principle is contempt prior to investigation.

Society exists for the benefit of its members, not the members for the benefit of society.

A ceremony in which rings are put on the finger of the lady and through the nose of the gentleman.

The preservation of health is a duty. Few seem conscious that there is such a thing as physical morality.

The wise man must remember that while he is a descendant of the past, he is a parent of the future.

The ultimate result of shielding men from the effects of folly is to fill the world with fools.

Education has for its object the formation of character.

Objects we ardently pursue bring little happiness when gained; most of our pleasures come from unexpected sources.

Life is the continuous adjustment of internal relations to external relations.