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"Orations:" In Verrem, In Catilinam I-IV, Philippicae"Philosophy:" De Oratore, De re publica/De Re Publica, De Legibus, De finibus bonorum et malorum/De Finibus, De Natura Deorum, De Officiis


"Marcus Tullius Cicero", was a Ancient Rome/Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, List of political theorists/political theorist, Roman consul/consul and Constitution of the Roman Republic/constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy Municipium/municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists.

His influence on the Latin language was so immense that the subsequent history of prose in not only Latin but European languages up to the 19th century was said to be either a reaction against or a return to his style. According to Michael Grant (author)/Michael Grant, "the influence of Cicero upon the history of European literature and ideas greatly exceeds that of any other prose writer in any language". Cicero introduced the Romans to the chief schools of Greek philosophy and created a Latin philosophical vocabulary (with neologisms such as humanitas, qualitas, quantitas, and essentia) distinguishing himself as a linguist, translator, and philosopher.

More Cicero on Wikipedia.

Gratitude is not only the greatest of virtues, but the parent of all others.

The name of peace is sweet, and the thing itself is beneficial, but there is a great difference between peace and servitude. Peace is freedom in tranquillity, servitude is the worst of all evils, to be resisted not only by war, but even by death.

Art is born of the observation and investigation of nature.

Let your desires be ruled by reason. (Appetitus Rationi Pareat).

Friendship make prosperity more shining and lessens adversity by dividing and sharing it.

To be content with what one has is the greatest and truest of riches.

In men of the highest character and noblest genius there is to be found an insatiable desire for honour, command, power, and glory.

The wise are instructed by reason; ordinary minds by experience; the stupid, by necessity; and brutes by instinct.

Be sure that it is not you that is mortal, but only your body. For that man whom your outward form reveals is not yourself; the spirit is the true self, not that physical figure which and be pointed out by your finger.

Reason should direct and appetite obey.

As the old proverb says 'Like readily consorts with like.'

The first duty of a man is the seeking after and the investigation of truth.

There is nothing so absurd but some philosopher has said it.

I will go further, and assert that nature without culture can often do more to deserve praise than culture without nature.

By force of arms. (Vi Et Armis).

To each his own. (Suum Cuique).

The rule of friendship means there should be mutual sympathy between them, each supplying what the other lacks and trying to benefit the other, always using friendly and sincere words.

The evil implanted in man by nature spreads so imperceptibly, when the habit of wrong-doing is unchecked, that he himself can set no limit to his shamelessness.

The shifts of Fortune test the reliability of friends.

I prefer tongue-tied knowledge to ignorant loquacity.

The avarice of the old: it's absurd to increase one's luggage as one nears the journey's end.

Never go to excess, but let moderation be your guide.

A friend is, as it were, a second self.

A room without books is like a body without a soul.

Live as brave men; and if fortune is adverse, front its blows with brave hearts.

Our span of life is brief, but is long enough for us to live well and honestly.

Laws are silent in times of war.

When you wish to instruct, be brief; that men's minds take in quickly what you say, learn its lesson, and retain it faithfully. Every word that is unnecessary only pours over the side of a brimming mind.

A life of peace, purity, and refinement leads to a calm and untroubled old age.

We do not destroy religion by destroying superstition.

To be ignorant of what happened before you were born is to be ever a child. For what is man's lifetime unless the memory of past events is woven with those of earlier times?

We must not say every mistake is a foolish one.

Where is there dignity unless there is honesty?

Law stands mute in the midst of arms.

They do more harm by their evil example than by their actual sin.

No one can speak well, unless he thoroughly understands his subject.

The strictest law often causes the most serious wrong.

He removes the greatest ornament of friendship, who takes away from it respect.

Freedom is a possession of inestimable value.

Force overcome by force. (Vi Victa Vis).

It is a true saying that 'One falsehood leads easily to another'.

In so far as the mind is stronger than the body, so are the ills contracted by the mind more severe than those contracted by the body.

There are some duties we owe even to those who have wronged us. There is, after all, a limit to retribution and punishment.

Everyone has the obligation to ponder well his own specific traits of character. He must also regulate them adequately and not wonder whether someone else's traits might suit him better. The more definitely his own a man's character is, the better it fits him.

The absolute good is not a matter of opinion but of nature.

While there's life, there's hope.

By doubting we come at truth.

Strain every nerve to gain your point.

He only employs his passion who can make no use of his reason.

All action is of the mind and the mirror of the mind is the face, its index the eyes.

The more laws, the less justice.

Liberty is rendered even more precious by the recollection of servitude.

We are obliged to respect, defend and maintain the common bonds of union and fellowship that exist among all members of the human race.

It is a great thing to know our vices.

Men decide far more problems by hate, love, lust, rage, sorrow, joy, hope, fear, illusion, or some other inward emotion, than by reality, authority, any legal standard, judicial precedent, or statute.

The man who backbites an absent friend, nay, who does not stand up for him when another blames him, the man who angles for bursts of laughter and for the repute of a wit, who can invent what he never saw, who cannot keep a secret - that man is black at heart: mark and avoid him.

It is the peculiar quality of a fool to perceive the faults of others, and to forget his own, ... You can't clear your own fields while you're counting the rocks on your neighbor's farm.

History is the witness that testifies to the passing of time; it illumines reality, vitalizes memory, provides guidance in daily life and brings us tidings of antiquity.

Nature herself makes the wise man rich.

Such praise coming from so degraded a source, was degrading to me, its recipient.

What greater or better gift can we offer the republic than to teach and instruct our youth?

There is no being of any race who, if he finds the proper guide, cannot attain to virtue.

Not to know what has been transacted in former times is to be always a child. If no use is made of the labors of past ages, the world must remain always in the infancy of knowledge.

There is no duty more obligatory than the repayment of kindness.

Natural ability without education has more often attained to glory and virtue than education without natural ability.

A mind without instruction can no more bear fruit than can a field, however fertile, without cultivation.

When you have no basis of argument, abuse the plaintiff.

A happy life consists in tranquility of mind.

Endless money forms the sinews of war.

Neither can embellishments of language be found without arrangement and expression of thoughts, nor can thoughts be made to shine without the light of language.

Whatever that be which thinks, understands, wills, and acts. it is something celestial and divine.

If you aspire to the highest place, it is no disgrace to stop at the second, or even the third, place.

No liberal man would impute a charge of unsteadiness to another for having changed his opinion.

The national budget must be balanced. The public debt must be reduced; the arrogance of the authorities must be moderated and controlled. Payments to foreign governments must be reduced, if the nation doesn't want to go bankrupt. People must again learn to work, instead of living on public assistance.

Every man can tell how many goats or sheep he possesses, but not how many friends.

Let arms give place to the robe, and the laurel of the warriors yield to the tongue of the orator.

Nature herself has imprinted on the minds of all the idea of God.

Anyone who has got a book collection and a garden wants for nothing.

Our thoughts are free.

The people's good is the highest law.

What we call pleasure, and rightly so is the absence of all pain.

Let the punishment match the offense.

The welfare of the people is the ultimate law. (Salus Populi Suprema Est Lex).

What a time! What a civilization!

The First Bond of Society is Marriage.

Advice is judged by results, not by intentions.

The freedom of poetic license.