Muhammad Iqbal
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"Sir Muhammad Iqbal" (}}) (9 November 1877 – 21 April 1938), widely known as "Allama Iqbal" (}}), was a philosopher, poet, mystic and politician in British Raj/British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian language/Persian languages.

Iqbal is admired as a prominent classical poet by Pakistani, Indian, Iranian peoples/Iranian, and other international scholars of literature. Though Iqbal is best known as an eminent poet, he is also a highly acclaimed "Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times". His first poetry book, The Secrets of the Self/Asrar-e-Khudi, appeared in the Persian language in 1915, and other books of poetry include Rumuz-i-Bekhudi, Payam-i-Mashriq and Zabur-i-Ajam. Amongst these his best known Urdu works are Bang-i-Dara, Bal-i-Jibril, The Rod of Moses/Zarb-i Kalim and a part of Gift from Hijaz/Armughan-e-Hijaz.

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