Jean-Paul Sartre
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"Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre" was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary criticism/literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialist/existentialism and Phenomenology (philosophy)/phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in Twentieth-Century French Philosophy/20th-century French philosophy and Marxism.

His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines. Sartre has also been noted for his open relationship with the prominent feminist theorist Simone de Beauvoir.

He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature but refused it, saying that he always declined official honors and that "a writer should not allow himself to be turned into an institution".The Nobel Foundation (1964)."Minnen, bara minnen" ISBN 9100571407 from year 2000 by Lars Gyllensten

[http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1964/press.html Nobel Prize in Literature 1964 – Press Release]. Address by Anders Österling, Member of the Swedish Academy. Retrieved on: 4 February 2012.

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