Erasmus Darwin
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"Erasmus Darwin" was an English physician. One of the key thinkers of the Midlands Enlightenment, he was also a natural philosophy/natural philosopher, physiology/physiologist, Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade/slave-trade abolitionist, inventor and poet. His poems included much natural history, including a statement of evolution and the relatedness of all forms of life. He was a member of the Darwin–Wedgwood family, which includes his grandsons Charles Darwin and Francis Galton. Darwin was also a founding member of the Lunar Society of Birmingham, a discussion group of pioneering industrialists and natural philosophers. He turned down George III of the United Kingdom/George III's invitation to be a physician to the King.

Erasmus Darwin House, his home in Lichfield, is now a museum dedicated to Erasmus Darwin and his life's work. A school in nearby Chasetown recently converted to Academy (English school)/Academy status and is now known as Erasmus Darwin Academy.

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