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"Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis", known in English as "Juvenal" (), was a Roman Empire/Roman poet active in the late 1st and early 2nd century AD, author of the Satires (Juvenal)/Satires. The details of the author's life are unclear, although references within his text to known persons of the late 1st and early 2nd centuries AD fix his terminus post quem (earliest date of composition).

In accord with the manner of Gaius Lucilius/Lucilius—the originator of the genre of Roman satire—and within a poetic tradition that also included Horace and Persius, Juvenal wrote at least 16 poems in dactylic hexameter covering an encyclopedic range of topics across the Roman world. While the Satires are a vital source for the study of ancient Rome from a vast number of perspectives, their hyperbolic, comic mode of expression makes the use of statements found within them as simple fact problematic. At first glance the Satires could be read as a critique of pagan Rome, perhaps ensuring their survival in Christian monastic scriptorium/scriptoria, a bottleneck in preservation when the large majority of ancient texts were lost.

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It is not easy for men to rise whose qualities are thwarted by poverty.

Fortune can, for her pleasure, fools advance, And toss them on the wheels of Chance.

Trust me, no tortures which the poets feign, can match the fierce, the unutterable pain, he feels, who night and day, devoid of rest, carries his own accuser in his breast.

Count it the greatest sin to prefer life to honor, and for the sake of living to lose what makes life worth having.

You should pray for a sound mind in a sound body.

Be gentle with the young.

Nothing is more intolerable than a wealthy woman.

What's infamy matter when you get to keep your fortune?

A man who has nothing can whistle in a robber's face.

A healthy mind in a healthy body.

Peace visits not the guilty mind. (Nemo Malus Felix).

Hold it the greatest sin to prefer existence to honor, and for the sake of life to lose the reasons for living.

One path alone leads to a life of peace: The path of virtue.

Who will guard the guards themselves? (quis custodiet ipsos custodes?)

Revenge is always the weak pleasure of a little and narrow mind.

The people that once bestowed commands, consulships, legions, and all else, now concerns itself no more, and longs eagerly for just two things - bread and circuses!

One globe seemed all too small for the youthful Alexander.

Two things only the people anxiously desire - bread and circuses.

The blind envy the one-eyed.

Think it the greatest impiety to prefer life to disgrace, and for the sake of life to lose the reason for living.

'Tis unto children most respect is due.

Be rich to yourself and poor to your friends.

Myself, I prefer life without fires, without nocturnal panics.

Refrain from doing ill; for one all powerful reason, lest our children should copy our misdeeds; we are all too prone to imitate whatever is base and depraved.