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"Herodotus" was a Greeks/Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC ( 484–425 BC). Widely referred to as "The Father of History" (first conferred by Cicero), he was the first historian known to collect his materials systematically and critically, and then to arrange them into a historiographic narrative. Histories (Herodotus)/The Histories—his masterpiece and the only work he is known to have produced—is a record of his "inquiry" (or historía, a History#Etymology/word that passed into Latin and acquired its modern meaning of "history"), being an investigation of the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars and including a wealth of geographical and Ethnography/ethnographical information. Although some of his stories were fanciful and others inaccurate, he claimed he was reporting only what had been told to him. Little is known of his personal history.

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How much better a thing it is to be envied than to be pitied.

The only good is knowledge, and the only evil is ignorance.

Haste in every business brings failures.

The destiny of man is in his own soul.

Illness strikes men when they are exposed to change.

Men trust their ears less than their eyes.

The king's might is greater than human, and his arm is very long.

Neither snow, nor rain, nor heat, nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds.

If a man insisted always on being serious, and never allowed himself a bit of fun and relaxation, he would go mad or become unstable without knowing it.

It is better to be envied than pitied.

In peace, children inter their parents; war violates the order of nature and causes parents to inter their children.

This is the bitterest pain among men, to have much knowledge but no power.

Of all men's miseries the bitterest is this, to know so much and to have control over nothing.

Some men give up their designs when they have almost reached the goal; While others, on the contrary, obtain a victory by exerting, at the last moment, more vigorous efforts than ever before.

In soft regions are born soft men.

Very few things happen at the right time and the rest do not happen at all. The conscientious historian will correct these defects.

Not snow, no, nor rain, nor heat, nor night keeps them from accomplishing their appointed courses with all speed.

Force has no place where there is need of skill.

Great deeds are usually wrought at great risks.