Strom Thurmond
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"James Strom Thurmond" was an American politician who served for 48 years as a United States Senate/United States Senator from South Carolina. He ran for president in United States presidential election, 1948/1948 as the States Rights Democratic Party candidate, receiving 2.4% of the popular vote and 39 Electoral College (United States)/electoral votes. Thurmond represented South Carolina in the United States Senate from 1954 until 2003, at first as a History of the Democratic Party (United States)/Democrat and, after 1964, as a History of the Republican Party (United States)/Republican.

A magnet for controversy during his nearly half-century Senate career, Thurmond switched parties because of his opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1964/1964 Civil Rights Act, disaffection with the liberalism of the national party, and his support for the conservatism and opposition to the Civil Rights bill of the Republican presidential candidate Senator Barry Goldwater. He left office as the only member of either house of Congress to reach the age of 100 while still in office, and as the oldest-serving and List of United States Congressmen by longevity of service#Senate time/longest-serving senator in U.S. history (although he was later surpassed in length of service by Robert Byrd and Daniel Inouye).cite news

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