Rutherford B. Hayes
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"Rutherford Birchard Hayes" was the List of Presidents of the United States/19th President of the United States (1877–1881). As president, he oversaw the end of Reconstruction Era of the United States/Reconstruction, began the efforts that led to civil service reform, and attempted to reconcile the divisions left over from the Civil War and Reconstruction.

Hayes, an attorney in Ohio, became city solicitor of Cincinnati from 1858 to 1861. When the Civil War began, he left a fledgling political career to join the Union Army as an officer. Hayes was wounded five times, most seriously at the Battle of South Mountain; he earned a reputation for bravery in combat and was promoted to the rank of major general. After the war, he served in the United States Congress/U.S. Congress from 1865 to 1867 as a History of the Republican Party (United States)/Republican. Hayes left Congress to run for Governor of Ohio and was elected to two consecutive terms, from 1868 to 1872, and then to a third term, from 1876 to 1877.

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