Rosa Parks
FameRank: 10

"Rosa Louise McCauley Parks" was an African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68)/African-American Civil Rights activism/activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement". Her birthday, February 4, and the day she was arrested, December 1, have both become Rosa Parks Day, commemorated in both California and Ohio.

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order to give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation. Others had taken similar steps, including Bayard Rustin in 1942, Irene Morgan in 1946, Sarah Keys v. Carolina Coach Company/Sarah Louise Keys in 1955, and the members of the Browder v. Gayle lawsuit (Claudette Colvin, Aurelia Browder, Susie McDonald, and Mary Louise Smith (civil rights activist)/Mary Louise Smith) who were arrested in Montgomery months before Parks.

More Rosa Parks on Wikipedia.