Richard Dawkins
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"Clinton Richard Dawkins" , Fellow of the Royal Society/FRS, Royal Society of Literature/FRSL is an English ethology/ethologist, evolutionary biology/evolutionary biologist, and writer. He is an Oxford fellow/emeritus fellow of New College, Oxford, and was the University of Oxford's Simonyi Professorship for the Public Understanding of Science/Professor for Public Understanding of Science from 1995 until 2008.

Dawkins came to prominence with his 1976 book The Selfish Gene, which popularised the gene-centred view of evolution and introduced the term meme. In 1982, he introduced into evolutionary biology the influential concept that the phenotype/phenotypic effects of a gene are not necessarily limited to an organism's body, but can stretch far into the environment, including the bodies of other organisms. This concept is presented in his book The Extended Phenotype.

Dawkins is an atheist, a vice president of the British Humanist Association, and a supporter of the Brights movement. He is well known for his criticism of creationism and intelligent design. In his 1986 book The Blind Watchmaker, he argues against the watchmaker analogy, an argument for the existence of a God/supernatural creator based upon the complexity of living organisms. Instead, he describes evolutionary processes as analogous to a blind watchmaker.

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