Richard Cobden
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"Richard Cobden" was an English manufacturing/manufacturer and Radicals (UK)/Radical and Liberal Party (UK)/Liberal wikt:statesman/statesman, associated with two major free trade campaigns, the Anti-Corn Law League and the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty.

As a young man, Cobden was a successful commercial traveller who became co-owner of a highly profitable calico printing factory in Manchester, a city with which he would become strongly identified. However, he soon found himself more engaged in politics, and his travels convinced him of the virtues of free trade (anti-protection) as the key to better international relations.

In 1838, he and John Bright founded the Anti-Corn Law League, aimed at abolishing the unpopular Corn Laws, which protected landowners’ interests by levying taxes on imported wheat, thus raising the price of bread at a time when factory-owners were trying to cut wages. As a Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom/Parliament from 1841, he fought against opposition from the Second Peel ministry/Peel ministry, and abolition was achieved in 1846.

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