Muhammad Ali Jinnah
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"Muhammad Ali Jinnah"}}}} was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Independence Day (Pakistan)/Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and as Pakistan's first Governor-General of Pakistan/Governor-General from independence until his death. He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam}}}} (Great Leader) and Baba-i-Qaum}}}} (Father of the Nation). His birthday is observed as a Holidays in Pakistan/national holiday.

Born in Karachi and trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn in London, Jinnah rose to prominence in the Indian National Congress in the first two decades of the 20th century. In these early years of his political career, Jinnah advocated Hindu–Muslim unity, helping to shape the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the All-India Muslim League, a party in which Jinnah had also become prominent. Jinnah became a key leader in the All India Home Rule League, and proposed a Fourteen Points of Jinnah/fourteen-point constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims. In 1920, however, Jinnah resigned from the Congress when it agreed to follow a campaign of satyagraha, or non-violent resistance, advocated by the influential leader, Mohandas Gandhi.

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