Mikhail Khodorkovsky
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"Mikhail Borisovich Khodorkovsky" is a Switzerland-based Russian exile, former Russian businessman and Russian oligarchs/oligarch. He is also a philanthropist, public figure, author and columnist.

In 2003, Khodorkovsky and Roman Abramovich were jointly named as Person of the Year (Expert magazine)/Person of the Year by Expert magazine/Expert. In 2004, Khodorkovsky was the wealthiest man in Russia (with a fortune of over $15 billion) and one of the richest people in the world, ranked 16th on Forbes list of billionaires. He had worked his way up the Komsomol apparatus during the Soviet Union/Soviet years, and started several businesses during the period of glasnost and perestroika in the late 1980s. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, in the mid-1990s, he accumulated considerable wealth through obtaining control of a series of Siberian oil fields unified under the name Yukos, one of the major companies to emerge from the Privatization in Russia/privatization of state assets during the 1990s (a scheme known as "Privatization in Russia#Loans for shares (1995–1996)/Loans for Shares").

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