Margaret Chase Smith
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"Margaret Madeline Chase Smith" was an United States/American politician. A member of the Republican Party (United States)/Republican Party, she served as a United States House of Representatives/U.S Representative (1940-1949) and a United States Senate/U.S. Senator (1949-1973) from Maine. She was the first woman to serve in both houses of the United States Congress, and the first woman to represent Maine in either. A moderate Republican, she is perhaps best remembered for her 1950 speech, "Declaration of Conscience," in which she criticized the tactics of McCarthyism.

Smith was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican Party presidential primaries, 1964/Republican nomination in the United States presidential election, 1964/1964 presidential election, but was the first woman to be placed in nomination for the President of the United States/presidency at a major party's convention. Upon leaving office, she was the longest-serving female Senator in history, a distinction that was not surpassed until January 5, 2011, when Senator Barbara Mikulski was sworn in for a fifth term. To date, Smith is ranked as the longest-serving Republican woman in the Senate.

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