Louis Blanc
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"Louis Jean Joseph Charles Blanc" was a French politician and historian. A Socialism/socialist who favored reforms, he called for the creation of cooperatives in order to guarantee employment for the urban poor.

Following the Revolutions of 1848 in France/Revolution of 1848 Blanc became a member of French Provisional Government of 1848/the provisional government and began advocating for cooperatives which would be initially aided by the government but ultimately controlled by the workers themselves. Blanc's advocacy failed and, caught between radical worker tendencies and the National Guard (France)/National Guard, he was forced into exile. Blanc returned to France after the conclusion of the Franco-Prussian war and served as a member of the National Assembly of France/National Assembly. Although he did not support the Paris Commune he successfully proposed amnesty to the Communards.

Even though Blanc's ideas of the workers' cooperatives were never realized, his political and social ideas greatly contributed to the development of socialism in France.

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