John Henry Newman
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"John Henry Newman" Oratory of Saint Philip Neri/CO, also referred to as "Cardinal Newman", was an important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was known nationally by the mid-1830s.

Originally an evangelical Oxford academic and priest in the Church of England, Newman was a leader in the Oxford Movement. This influential grouping of Anglicans wished to return the Church of England to many Catholic beliefs and forms of worship traditional in the medieval times to restore ritual expression. In 1845 Newman left the Church of England and was received into the Catholic Church. In 1879, he was created Cardinal_(Catholicism)#Cardinal_deacon/cardinal by Pope Leo XIII in recognition of his services to the cause of religion in England. Hitherto, in modern times, no simple priest, without duties in the Roman Curia, had been raised to the Sacred College. Newman’s elevation was hailed by the English nation and by Catholics everywhere with unexampled enthusiasm. It broke down the wall of partition between the See of Rome and England. He was instrumental in the founding of the Catholic University of Ireland, which evolved into University College, Dublin, today the largest university in Ireland.

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