James Smithson
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"James Smithson," Master of Arts/MA, Fellow of the Royal Society/FRS (5 June 1765 – 27 June 1829) was an English chemist and mineralogist. He was the founding donor of the Smithsonian Institution.

Smithson was the illegitimate child of the Hugh Percy, 1st Duke of Northumberland/1st Duke of Northumberland, and was born secretly in Paris, possibly in the Pentemont Abbey, as "Jacques-Louis Macie" (later altered to "James Louis"). Eventually, he was naturalized in England and attended university, studying chemistry and mineralogy. At the age of twenty-two, he changed his surname from Macie to Smithson, his father's pre-marriage surname. Smithson traveled extensively throughout Europe publishing papers about his findings. Considered a talented amateur in his field, Smithson maintained an inheritance he acquired from his mother and other relatives.

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