James A. Garfield
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"James Abram Garfield" served as the List of Presidents of the United States/20th President of the United States (1881), after completing nine consecutive terms in the United States House of Representatives/U.S. House of Representatives (1863–81).

Garfield's accomplishments as President included a controversial resurgence of Presidential authority above Senatorial courtesy in executive appointments; energizing United States Navy/U.S. naval power; and purging corruption in the United States Post Office/Post Office Department. Garfield made notable diplomatic and judiciary appointments, including a Supreme Court of the United States/U.S. Supreme Court justice. Garfield appointed several African-Americans to prominent federal positions. As President, Garfield advocated a bimetallism/bi-metal monetary system, agricultural technology, an educated electorate, and civil rights for African-Americans. He proposed substantial civil service reform, eventually passed by Congress in 1883 and signed into law by his successor, Chester A. Arthur, as the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act.

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