Henrik Ibsen
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"Henrik Johan Ibsen" was a major Nineteenth-century theatre/19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of theatrical realism/realism" and is one of the founders of Modernism in theatre. His major works include Brand (play)/Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts (play)/Ghosts, The Wild Duck, Rosmersholm, and The Master Builder. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare, and A Doll's House became the world's most performed play by the early 20th century.

Several of his later dramas were considered scandalous to many of his era, when European theatre was expected to model strict morals of family life and propriety. Ibsen's later work examined the realities that lay behind many fa├žades, revealing much that was disquieting to many contemporaries. It utilized a critical eye and free inquiry into the conditions of life and issues of morality. The poetic and cinematic early play Peer Gynt, however, has strong surrealism/surreal elements.

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