Ernest Shackleton
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"Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton", Commander of the Royal Victorian Order/CVO, Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire/OBE, Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society/FRGS was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Born in County Kildare, Ireland, Shackleton and his Anglo-Irish family moved to Sydenham in suburban London when he was ten. His first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery Expedition, 1901–04, from which he was sent home early on health grounds, he and his companions Robert Falcon Scott/Scott and Edward Adrian Wilson/Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. During the Nimrod Expedition/second expedition 1907–1909 he and three companions established a new record Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles (112 statute miles, 180 km) from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. Also, members of his team climbed Mount Erebus, the most active Antarctic volcano. For these achievements, Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII on his return home.

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