"Chester Alan Arthur" was the List of Presidents of the United States/21st President of the United States (1881–85); he succeeded James Garfield upon the latter's Assassination of James A. Garfield/assassination. At the outset, Arthur struggled to overcome his reputation, stemming from his beginnings in politics as a politician from the New York City Republican Party (United States)/Republican political machine. He succeeded by embracing the cause of United States federal civil service/civil service reform. His advocacy for, and subsequent enforcement of, the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was the centerpiece of his administration.If you enjoy these quotes, be sure to check out other famous presidents! More Chester A. Arthur on Wikipedia.