B. R. Ambedkar
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"Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar", popularly known as "Babasaheb", was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement/Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination of Dalits, women and Labour movement/labour. He was Independent India's first Ministry of Law and Justice (India)/law minister and the principal architect of the Constitution of India.

Ambedkar was a prolific student, earning a law degree and various doctorates from Columbia University and the London School of Economics, and gained a reputation as a scholar for his research in law, economics and political science. In his early career he was an economist, professor, and lawyer. His later life was marked by his political activities, where he became involved in the negotiations for India's independence campaigning by publishing journals advocating political rights and social freedom for 'untouchables' and contributing significantly to the establishment of the state of India. In 1956 he converted to Buddhism, initiating mass conversions of Dalits.

In 1990, Ambedkar was posthumously conferred with the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award. Ambedkar's legacy includes numerous memorials and depictions in popular culture.

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